- Atlantis (14)
- Pad 39-A (54)
- 69th Shuttle Mission
- 100th US Manned launch
- 14th Flight OV-104
- 1st MIR Docking
- Robert L. Gibson (5), Commander
- Charles J. Precourt (2), Pilot
- Ellen S. Baker (3), Mission Specialist
- Bonnie J. Dunbar (4), Mission Specialist
- Gregory J. Harbaugh (3), Mission Specialist
- Anatoly Solovyev (4), MIR-19 crew upload
- Nikolai Budarin (1), MIR-19 crew upload
- Norman E. Thagard (5),
MIR-18 crew download
- Vladimir Dezhurov (1), MIR-18 crew download
- Gennadiy Strekalov (6), MIR-18 crew download
- OPF -- 11/22/94
- VAB -- 04/20/95
- PAD -- 04/26/95
- SPACELAB/MIR, IMAX-10, SAREX-II
The primary objectives of this flight are to rendezvous and perform the
1st Shuttle docking between the Space Shuttle and the Russian Space Station
MIR. Other prime objectives are on-orbit joint United States-Russian life
sciences investigations aboard SPACELAB/MIR, logistical resupply of the
recovery of US astronaut - Norman E. Thagard
and the delivery of two
cosmonauts Anatoly Solovyev and
Nikolai Budarin to MIR.
Secondary objectives include filming with the
IMAX camera and
the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment-II (SAREX-II) experiment.
- Launch June 27, 3:32:19.044pm EDT. Launch window was 10 min 19 sec.
- On 6/27/95 as of 9:30am EDT, launch commentator Bruce Buckingham reported
that the countdown is in progress for a launch during a 10 min window
that opens at 3:32pm EDT. The weather forcast is a 60% chance of favorable
weather. A launch at the opening of the window would lead to a MIR
docking on Thursday, June 29th while a launch in the last 3 minutes of
the window will lead to a MIR docking on Friday, June 30th. At 11:21am
the crew departed the Operations and Checkout building
and arrived at the
launch complex LC-39A at 11:34am EDT.
- On 6/24/95, at 4:00pm EDT, Shuttle Launch director
Jim Harrington announced
the launch team scrubbed the launch of
Atlantis due to weather. Unfavorable
weather conditions -- including heavy cloud cover and thunderstorms -- forced
the decision of the shuttle Mission Management Team after the
had fully prepared Atlantis and counted down to the
T-minus 9 minute mark.
Because weather conditions are not expected to improve over the weekend, the next
available opportunity for launch will be on Tuesday, June 27, with a 10min
window opening at 3:32.10pm EDT.
- On 6/23/95, the launch of
Atlantis was postponed due to the
inability for tanking operations to commence. Tanking
involves loading about 500,000 gallons of super-cold liquid hydrogen
and liquid oxygen into the external tank.
Operations to tank were put
off from the original start time of 7:45 a.m. due to severe weather
and lightning within five miles of the launch pad. Managers delayed
tanking as long as possible to still make a launch attempt on 6/23/95
but they were forced to postpone the launch when it became apparent
that the weather would not clear in time to tank and launch
during the short seven-minute window that opened at 5:08p.m.
- The STS-71 launch was
previously targeted for 5:08:37 p.m. EDT at
the opening of a seven minute window. A launch on June 23 would have
allowed docking with Mir to take place on flight day four of the
mission at about 10:30 a.m. EDT. Atlantis
will remained docked to
Mir for almost five days during which the crews aboard both vehicles will
conduct joint life sciences research experiments.
- On 6/21/95, managers decided to further inspect a leaking reaction
control system (
RCS) helium tank in the right-hand orbital maneuvering
system (OMS) pod on
Atlantis. Technicians were able to repair the
leak. The pressure in the tank was reduced to ambient, a fitting on
the tank replaced and a leak check performed.
- The launch of STS-71
was originally slipped behind the launch of
STS-70 because of a delay in the launch of the Russian Spektr
laboratory module to the Russian space station MIR. The launch of
Spektr in Russia was
moved from May 10 1995 to May 21, 1995. Russian
space officials wanted the extra capabilites offered by the Spektr
module before a docking by Atlantis.
- On 6/2/95, NASA managers decided to delay the launch of
on Mission STS-70
in order to make repairs to foam insulation on the
vehicle's external fuel tank. Earlier, technicans at Launch
discovered that woodpeckers had inflicted about six dozen small holes
in the insulation material. STS-71
will now launch before
- On Thursday, May 18, 1995, engineers determined the need to remove and
replace the High-Pressure Fuel Turbopump (HPFT)
on space shuttle main
engine (SSME) No. 3.
This work was completed and leak checks performed
- Altitude: 170 nm
- Inclination: 51.6 degrees
- Orbits: 153
- Duration: 9 days, 19 hours, 22 minutes, 17 seconds
- Distance: 4.1 million miles
- SRB: BI-072
- SRM: 360L044A/360L044B
- ET : SN-70
- MLP : MLP-3
- SSME-1: SN-2028
- SSME-2: SN-2034
- SSME-3: SN-2032
- KSC July 7, 1995 at 10:54:34 am on Runway 15. Nose wheel touchdown at
10:54:44 sec. Wheels stop at 10:55:25 am EDT.
- There were two opportunities for a Florida landing-- the first
beginning with an engine firing at 9:45 a.m. EDT, leading to the 10:55
a.m EDT. touchdown. The second landing opportunity (starting with a 11:22
a.m. EDT engine firing, leading to a 12:31 a.m. EDT touchdown) was not
necessary. If landing had been rescheduled 24 hours, the times would have
been 11:35 a.m and 1:12pm.
- Atlantis lifted off on-time from the
Kennedy Space Center.
Launch Complex 39-A (LC-39A) June 27, 1995 at 3:32:19.044pm EDT
on the historic 100th US Manned launch to dock with the Russian
Space Station MIR.
Last Mission STS-67
Next Mission STS-70
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